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Elijah Hill
Elijah Hill

How To Buy A Tree



They can also be strong focal points, with striking flowers, foliage, and bark. They can hide a less-than-pleasant view, dampen outside noise, and provide a haven for wildlife. Even the smallest garden benefits from having at least one tree.




how to buy a tree



Fruit trees are yet another option. These combine flowers and oftentimes colorful foliage with the advantage of a crop. Look for varieties that are suited to your climate, and be sure to check for any pollination requirements. For more about growing fruit trees, please see How to Grow Fruit Trees.


But you can also find trees that display colorful flowers throughout the year, as well as fruits and berries. And trees such as river birch (Betula nigra) are probably best known for their interestingly colored bark.


When planting a tree, start with a hole that is twice the width of the root ball and slightly shallower than the root system. Taper the sides of the hole slightly outward at the bottom, and then dig deeper around the bottom edges of the hole to allow room for the roots to grow downward and to prevent the soil from settling.


Trees generally do better if planted in the same soil as the surrounding garden bed rather than in amended soil. The exception is balled-and-burlapped trees. They are usually grown in heavy soil. If your garden soil is light, add amendments to the excavated soil.


For a balled-and-burlapped tree, the top of the root ball should rest about 2 inches above the soil line. If the covering is burlap, untie the top and pull the burlap about halfway down the root ball. If the covering is synthetic, remove it completely.


Water newly planted trees when the soil is dry to 2 inches deep. Once a tree is established, water only as needed. An exception is if trees are exposed and a deep freeze is expected; water them thoroughly to help protect their roots.


Yep! Over the past 5 years, we've perfected our box technology so that your trees and shrubs arrive to you safely and in perfect health. If there was a Tree-Packing Olympics, we'd probably be gold medal winners.


Trees are among the longest-living organisms on earth, but in urban and suburban areas the average lifespan of a tree is only a fraction of its natural potential. Even in rural areas and forest settings, the early years of a tree's life present unique challenges that require extra care. Choosing the right tree for the right site and following proper planting and care guidance will give your trees the healthy start they need to grow strong and live long.


So you want to plant a tree or two (or ten). Before you buy a tree, there are many things to consider to help make sure you select the right tree for the right place so that your tree(s) will live a long and healthy life. A tree lives for many years and it should be thought of like an investment.


What purpose do you want the tree to serve? Do you want it to provide shade, a visual screen, act as a windbreak, provide food and habitat for wildlife, prevent soil erosion, improve aesthetics, or compliment existing landscaping? Are you planting to lower your cooling bills in the summer? Or do you want the trees to serve as a stream buffer?


Where is this tree being planted, and what is the site like? The physical aspects of the site will play an important role in how the tree grows and what it is exposed to over time. Make sure you consider:


Once the site conditions are determined, a tree species, or cultivar, can be chosen to fit those needs and restrictions. The more comprehensive your site assessment, the more likely your tree choice will thrive in its new location.


The best time to plant your tree is late winter/early spring prior to buds opening, or late fall after the tree goes dormant but before the ground freezes. The height of summer is not a good time to plant trees. During that time, they are easily stressed by heat and the lack of adequate water, which is the greatest threat to a newly planted tree's survival. Planting at the right time of year will help your new tree establish itself well by giving it time to grow strong roots before the stresses of winter or summer.


Bare root trees are usually only available through catalogs and are shipped during short periods in the spring and fall. The majority of the trees and shrubs sold by DEC's Nursery are bare root. The benefits of bare root trees include a lower cost per tree, lighter handling weight because there is no soil around the roots, and if dug properly, bare root trees have a greater portion of roots kept intact than B&B trees.


Container grown trees may have roots that encircle the root ball in the pot. Spiral roots can harm the tree and even kill it if they are left to develop, so it is important to unwrap the roots before planting. The benefits of container grown trees are that they usually weigh less than B&B trees, there is less disturbance to the roots when planting containerized trees, and they are available at most nurseries.


Balled and burlapped (B&B) trees are much heavier than bare root trees and lose a substantial amount of roots when dug at the nursery. But a large amount of soil in the root ball does benefit the tree by protecting its roots from injury and helps keep them moist. Roots should be kept covered, out of direct sunlight and moist until the tree can be planted.


First, before planting prune only dead or broken branches. At this stage, trees can use all the potential leaves they can grow. Do not allow the roots to dry out regardless of the form in which the tree is purchased. Keep the roots moist until you can get the tree into the ground.


Planting the tree correctly depends on the type of tree purchased and is a little more involved than just digging a hole and sticking the tree in it. Trees can be planted too deep which will cause them to struggle to grow and shorten their life. Following the appropriate instructions below will help your tree establish and grow up healthy.


After following the type-specific instructions below, backfill the hole with the existing soil. The tree's trunk flare (the point at which the roots begin to branch from the trunk) should be at the soil line. Water as you backfill the hole to remove air pockets and firmly set the tree. Gently tamp the soil.


Bare root trees should be planted within a few days of shipment to help ensure survival. Keep roots moist and cool until planting time - plants may be kept in a fridge if they fit. Remove all packing materials and soak the tree roots in water before planting. Dig a hole wider than the roots so they may spread without crowding.


Before the tree is removed from the container, dig a hole and water it thoroughly. The roots of containerized trees may spiral within the pot. Help prevent root girdling by untangling or vertically cutting any roots that encircle the root ball. Loosen the soil and roots prior to planting, this will let the roots spread out more freely while allowing fresh soil to be applied directly to the root system.


Dig the hole 2-3 times the width of the ball to allow the roots to grow, spread and establish more easily. Dig the hole only deep enough for the root ball because firm soil under the root ball will prevent settling. Once the tree is in the hole, be sure to remove twine, wrap, and wire baskets and avoid disturbing the roots as much as possible. Backfill the hole, firmly packing the soil around the tree and roots. Water deeply.


Staking for support is not usually necessary. Studies have shown that trees develop stronger trunk and root systems if they are not staked at the time of planting. However, protective staking may be required on sites where lawn mower damage, vandalism or very windy conditions are concerns.


Seedlings planted in rural or natural areas usually benefit from tree tubes or other sorts of protection that deter hungry wildlife. See our Tree Planting and Maintenance Guide under Additional Resources for details.


Apply 2-4" of organic mulch at least the width of the crown. Mulch should not touch the trunk or trunk flare. Do not mound the mulch up against the trunk as this will damage the tree - it can lead to mold, pest damage, decay, or even death.


Adequate water is essential for newly planted trees. Water your trees, soaking the root zone, at least once a week barring rain, and more frequently during hot weather. When the soil is dry below the surface of the mulch, it is time to water. But be aware that too much water can be just as harmful as not enough. The right amount of water depends on the site conditions and tree species.


Tree-gators can also be very useful. Gators are a portable drip-irrigation system that provides a slow release of water reducing the possibility of too little or too much water applied to newly planted trees.


The George O. White State Forest Nursery near Licking offers Missouri residents a variety of tree and shrub seedlings for reforestation, windbreaks, and erosion control, as well as for wildlife food and cover.


Container-grown trees and shrubs can be planted at more or less any time of year, but need thorough, regular watering after planting to ensure good establishment. If planted in spring or summer it can be very challenging to keep them alive during hot, dry spells.


Christmas tree permits are available seasonally at Recreation.gov! Christmas tree permits purchased online will have to be printed to be valid. However, this program allows you to purchase your Christmas tree permit from the comfort of your own home, or by using your mobile device, instead of traveling to a Forest Service office. You can learn about purchasing your permit and gathering your Christmas tree here. Traditional Christmas tree permits will also be available at a number of participating vendors.


Permits cost $10 each for a tree up to 15 feet. The permits are nonrefundable. The supply of permits at all locations is limited. Once the supply is exhausted, no more permits will be available, so it is advised to call and verify their availability ahead of time.


Plan to purchase a Sno-Park parking permit if the trip includes parking in a designated Sno-Park lot. When at a trailhead requiring a fee, the Northwest Forest Pass will need to be displayed on the vehicle dashboard. Get a tree early before snow falls as most trees are reached by narrow, unplowed mountain roads. High-clearance vehicles are often required for forest roads along with tire chains and a shovel. Check ranger stations for road and weather information or go to www.fs.usda.gov/goto/mbs/road-trails. 041b061a72


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